Jigawa’s state slogan is The new World. It lies between Kano State and Katsina State to the west, Bauchi State to the east and Yobe State to the northeast.
To the north, Jigawa shares an international border with Zinder Region in The Republic of Niger, which makes it a great place for cross-border trading activities.
Of course the government took advantage of this and created a Free-Trade Zone at the Border town of Maigatari in Gumel local government. This market is a great place to visit while you’re in Jigawa.
Jigawa State consists of twenty-seven (27) Local Government Areas with Dutse as the state capital. They are as follows:
- Birnin Kudu
- Kafin Hausa
- Kiri Kasama
- Malam Madori
- Sule Tankarkar
List of local governments obtained from wikipedia
The weather in Jigawa state is a bit extreme, considering the fact during the raining season which is April to October, the rate of rainfall is always so high and comes sometimes with tiny ice particles.
During the dry season, which is between November to March, The sun is usually very hot to around 38°Celsius, sometimes as high as 40°Celsius.
The harmattan period is not much different. It’s intensity is such that it can give you cracked feet within a week. Take along with you lots of stockings and cardigans, as you might need more than a piece at a time.
In general, you can say that the weather is not too friendly, especially if you’re coming from a relatively colder environment.
Notwithstanding, don’t let this put you off. It can actually make for a great experience as you get to test your endurance level. See it as an adventure into the unknowns.
The major occupation in Jigawa is farming. As a large percentage of the state is still very rural in nature, rural in the sense that most local government have so many villages under them, most households grow their own food on a subsistence basis.
However, survey by Afro Trips on the predominant occupation in the more town-like local government centers found that most residents are government workers who work with the local and state government, while the others are business people and menial workers.
It’s also worth mentioning that the Aliko Dangote’s sugar factory in Jigawa is a large employer of labour in the state.
TRAFFIC LEVEL/ROAD NETWORK AND STATUS
Considering the fact that Jigawa state has very sparse population with the majority living in villages far away from civilisation, there tend to be low rate of movement, even in the more populated state capital.
Traffic isn’t one of the things that will bother you while you’re in Jigawa as it is virtually nonexistent.
The condition of the roads is also good, we at Afro Trips score it an 80 out of a 100%
One of the biggest downturn to our experience in Jigawa was the language Barrier. Right from the first day, we were hindered from having a proper communication with the locals.
The major language the people of Jigawa speak is the ‘Hausa’ language. You can still find a lot of people who speak english, although they’re not the majority.
Mostly they constitute the educated youth, visitors from neigbouring states and the government workers. You can also be lucky to find some locals who speak english in very funny ways, Just try not to laugh, otherwise you might find yourself stuck, with no one to answer your questions or guide you.
When you’re in the state capital however, you won’t have problem finding people who speak English as majority of the residents are the educated and people from other states.
FOODS AND EATERIES AROUND
There are restaurants, although few and nothing porsche where you can find most staple food’s in Nigeria like jollof rice, fried rice,spaghetti, fufu, amala, ewedu, banga, oha, etc.
Then there are others that sell Some of the major food consumed around the area like tuwo shinkafa, millet balls and natural yourgourt (fura da nono), Danwake, Wainar Masa and so on
Unfortunately, fast food joints of the general variety is seriously lacking. You can hardly be able to see any KFCs, Tantalizers, Mr Biggs, etc.
But there is abundance of local snacks of the road side variety like Awara(Soya bean cake), Suya, roasted chicken, fried yam, fied potato, Kosai (beans cake) and so on.
Agricultural products like vegetables and fruits are usually very cheap, so if you;re going to cook your food, you can do so without a problem and on a very low budget.
Afro Trips Advice that if you’re visiting Jigawa, you should prepare very well in terms of food, as you might end up very disappointed if you don’t
The people of Jigawa like in other parts of the North East have their traditional mode of dressing which intersects both culture and religion of the indigenes.
For the men, this is mostly kaftans, topped with ‘babbar riga’ and caps during occasions such as marriage. They also wear English wears like in other parts of the country.
For the women, they wear a traditionally sewn ankara and cover with veils or Hijab.
So basically, the mode of dressing is decent and conservative. It is advisable to adopt the same while visiting.
The predominant religion in Jigawa state like in other parts of the north is Islam with a percentage of 70%.
So it’s not surprising to find that the number of mosques far outweigh the number of churches, with ECWA being the most popular. In remote parts of the state where there are no Christians, it’ll be hard to find any churches at all.
There are no popular malls around in Jigawa state except for “Sahad Stores” which is arguably the most popular mall in the Northern part of Nigeria. Sahad can only be found in the state capital Dutses.
But in the absence of stores, there are a lot of mini supermarkets around that can serve your needs. If they can’t you can travel to Kano which is only a few kilometers away from some of the towns in Jigawa state
photo from – www.vconnect.com
Jigawa is a very local place when it comes to commercial accomodation. Perhaps this stems from obvious non lucrative nature of the business as a result of a very sparse population and visitors.
You can find some small ones in the big local governments and towns. offering bed spaces tailored for short term visitors.
But of course you won’t pass through this problem if your visist is to the state capital where you can find some decent hotels and even three stars.
Jigawa state still operate market days. Each local government has a particular day for it’s market, which gives opportunity for inter local government trade.
Examples include the Gumel local government with Wednesday as its market day, Gunjungu local government market on sunday; the market is known for its cattle trade and attract people from all over the country.
Considering its closeness to the republic of Niger from the Maigatari axis, the Maigatari market which holds on Thursdays is one of the largest cattle market in West Africa as people from all parts of Nigeria and Niger republic come together to trade.
MODE OF TRANSPORTATION
The mode of transportation depends on which part of Jigawa state you’re in.
The rural parts still uses donkey or cattle and a lot of motorcycles.
For those residing in the urban areas have the availability of modern transportation like buses and taxis that transport to and from one town to the other and also between the state and other parts of northern Nigeria.
From inter town transportation, motorcycles are the predominant means of transportation, and you can hardly see any buses at all.
The transport fair is reasonably cheap.
Have a nice stay in Jigawa State